Fundamentals of Edge Computing and How it will benefit the world
Technology finds various ways to amuse us by showing us exactly what we humans are able to do by implementing newer technologies in our day-to-day life which eases the burden of certain tasks and activities. There is an introduction of a new technology every month which enables us to adopt and overcome tasks which can be handled through automation. Here we are going to discuss about a relatively newer term (but an older technology) which is recently catching the eye of every organization because it shows potential and a bright future for cloud computing.
The name says it all as it signifies the edge in a network where the data travels through the network diagram. In edge computing, the computing power is pushed at the edge of the network, so when devices like smart traffic lights and cameras need to connect to a cloud or a data center for instructions or data analytics, these devices are more than capable to perform data analytics by themselves. In edge computing, data analysis occurs very close to the IoT devices which results in speedy analytics and decision making.
What is Edge Computing?
‘Edge Computing’ or ‘Edge of Network Computing’, is a process that enables data collected through Internet of Things (IoT) to be analyzed much quicker by processing where the data is created rather than transporting it to a distant datacenter. This increases speedy analytics which provides almost real-time analysis required by many of today’s enterprises. This also decreases the amount of communication bandwidth between sensors and the main data centre by executing data analytics at the source where the data is being created.
What exactly do we mean by Edge Computing?
Edge computing works by storing and processing critical data on a network of Micro Datacenters before it is sent to the central cloud or datacenter repository. Mainly used for dealing with IoT data, edge devices collect the data, undertake critical processing locally and then forward the data to the cloud for storage and any further processing. IoT devices generate data which can be small or large in amount depending on the device’s information collection. The data is transferred to a nearby device which has the computing power, storage and network connectivity and thus the data is processed locally.
Implementation and Expectations from this Technology
Many organizations have begun to implement edge computing in their IoT environment because it saves a lot of time taken by the devices to communicate with their host in order to take the necessary decisions. Edge computing processes the data instantly where it is created which provides with instant results and decisions. These benefits organizations in many ways like; cost savings, time taken to interact with a cloud, instant analysis and provides faster responses to clients.
There is a huge amount of data being generated everyday through computer-to-computer communications and IoT devices which eventually comes down to processing this data. For example, let’s assume there are multiple devices installed in a city which creates and transmits massive amounts of data – it is a big investment which demands data analysis tools to process huge amounts of data, these tools offer real time analysis of the data being collected by various devices and provide reports and results instantly.
There are mainly 4 vital drivers pushing us towards the edge computing and these are as follows:-
- Evolving customer expectations from their own business
- Optimum use of data to explore new possibilities
- Upcoming technologies in networking and software which offers opportunities in edge computing
- Application on edge platforms like IoT devices which processes and transforms data through a network for better customer experience and better delivery of data
Let’s have a look at the benefits
There are many advantages to organizations when they adopt the edge platform, so let’s see how edge computing is proving to be beneficial for enterprises:
1.Quick Responses –Due to high computational power at the edge of a device, the time taken to process data and send back to the host is very quick. There is no trip to the cloud for analysis which makes the process faster and highly responsive.
2.Low operating cost – There is almost no costs involved due to smaller operations and very low data management expenses.
3.Security of the Highest Level – A lot of data transfer is avoided between the devices and the datacenter due to edge computing’s technology. This technology also enables to filter sensitive information and only transfer the important data which provides an adequate amount of security.
4.A Pocket-Friendly Solution: While adopting IoT a user needs to pay up upfront for bandwidth, storage and computational power. Edge computing performs data analytics at the device location which saves the final costs of an overall IT solution.
5. A true connection between legacy and modern devices – Legacy machines are able to connect to IoT solutions (relatively modern) which offer benefits from legacy devices and modern machines. Edge computing components truly act as a link between legacy and modern machines.
CIOs that are very future-oriented should definitely go for edge computing which offers so much in the current technology scenario. Data is being generated in abundance and there also tools to process this data but the only thing which is a concern is the time taken to analyze this data and transfer it through point A to point B. Quick insights are provided whenever data is generated through IoT devices and are ready to implement for faster business decisions.