Home Tech What is FTPS? What is the difference between FTPS and SFTP?

What is FTPS? What is the difference between FTPS and SFTP?

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FTPS(file transfer protocol with support for Transfer Layer Security)  is an updated version of FTP, with extra security. FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol.

FTP, as the name suggests, is used to transfer files from one computer to another computer via the internet, or one can say that it is used that it allows the user/customer/client to download any file from the server.

What is FTPS

There are multiple ways by which FTPS can perform the secure file transfer. The common element in all the ways is the use of SSL/TLS. They encrypt the control and data channels.

What are the advantages of FTPS

FTPS has many advantages and here are few listed below:-

  • They are one of the most common protocols in the market and are globally accepted.
  • The communication is very human friendly.
  • One of the best features about FTPS is that it not only enables the user to download the file from the server but it also enables “server to server” file transfer.
  • It is secure by SSL/TLS security patches.
  • This protocol is made into many internet communication frameworks.

What are the disadvantages of FTPS

Nothing is black or white, everything is grey in this world it’s just the contrast that matters. And FTPS is no exception to this rule. Hence, these are its demerits.

  • It has a very variable directory listing format.
  • It is not easy to use FTPS behind a firewall as this protocol requires a secondary DATA channel.
  • Since there are a lot of FTP servers made before the invention of FTPS. Therefore, they are few FTPS servers that undermine the SSL/TLS.

What is Explicit FTPS?

Explicit FTPS as the name suggests is the case when the user requests the server to make a secured connection, with the help of SSL/TLS, in an explicit manner. The port used is 21.

The working of Explicit FTPS is very much like the old FTP. So, in this algorithm, first of all a conventional FTP connection is made on the same insecure port 21. Now, once the connection is made, that insecure port was made secure with the help of SSL connection.

Nowadays, a lot of FTP servers support this method of the file transfer. In Explicit File Transfer, a secure connection is made before transferring any files.

If for some odd reason the connection is interrupted then either the system will show connection request time-out or the transfer will be made via the insecure FTP protocol.

What is Implicit FTPS?

When the security of file transfer was taken into consideration, Implicit FTPS was introduced. They encrypt the file and send it via a new port 990. If the one receiving is not able to obey the security godliness then the connection will be immediately dropped.

The Implicit FTPS is more strict than explicit FTPS. Although it is more secure because the whole conversation is encrypted, still it was not widely accepted.

At the same time, the demand for Implicit FTPS is not entirely eradicated. As there are some websites, who obeys the implicit mode of file transfer rather than its explicit counterpart.

After all this debate if you still are confused about whether to go for implicit or Explicit FTPS. Then you should try observing your companies file transfer needs.

You should observe who you are sharing data. You should check with which protocol your employees are most comfortable. As security is not an issue here, as they both ensure total data protection.

How to connect to FTPS server? (with Filezilla)

Follow the steps mentioned below to connect to FTPS server:-

Download FileZilla from here.

Launch FileZilla and click on “the site manager” button to create a new site.

what is ftpsClick on the new site button.

Fill the required information, with the help of the information below:-

Host:**********.ftp.com

   Port no:21

   Encryption: Require.explicit FTP over TLS.

   Logon Type: Normal

   User: the account you want to login

   Password: password of that user

After filling out the form click on connect and you are good to go.

How to enable FTP in Windows 10?

Enabling FTP in Windows 10 is a very easy task. You just need to follow the following instructions.

Search Control Panel from the Start menu. Or you can just type the name in “Type here to search” bae located at the bottom of your screen.

In that window click on Programs

Click on Program and features

After clicking that you will enter in a window full of apps, here you can see the functioning of all your apps. Now click on Turn Windows feature on and off this button will be placed on the left corner of your screen.

Now, search for Internet Information Service. Underneath which you can enable or disable FTPS server

Click OK and then

And this how you enable FTP in windows 10.

How do I connect my browser to FTPS?

Using https for browsing is normal for all the major browsers. But if you are a web developer, and want to communicate with the file server using the FTP server. Here we are going to discuss one of those major browser Internet Explorer.

Just follow these few steps and you will be able to enable FTPS in Windows Internet Explorer:-

Open the Internet Explorer and search for Tools. Click on that and scroll down to  Internet Options

Afterward, look for advance tab, in that TAB look for “Enable FTP folder view outside of Internet Explorer) button, and then apply the settings

And there you go!

What is SFTP?

SFTP stands for Secure File Transfer Protocol. SFTP works on the network protocol SSH(Secure Shell). SFTP needs just one connection and encrypts authentication information and the same time encrypts data files as well.

There are two methods for authentication in SFTP.

  1. You can insert the user-name and password.
  2. Generate an SSH private as well as public key. Send the generated public key to your partner. Then they will enter that key on to their computer and link it with your account. The moment they connect to the SFTP server then the entered key will go to the server for authentication. The authentication will only be successful if both of your keys match.

What is the difference between FTPS and SFTP?

Well! These gibberish words are different and similar at the same time. Both of these File Protocol claims to have a secure algorithm and they both offer strong protection and that reason is enough to give them the upper hand against FTP.

One question that may throttle your brain is that “Which one among FTPS and SFTP is better?”.

SFTP  has an advantage over FTPS, as FTPS requires multiple ports to operate. The first port of the command channel is reserved for authentication purposes.

And the ports are opened regularly when a file-transfer or directory listing request is made. So, the biggest issue here is that it is very difficult for a network to manage an array of ports and ensure security.

For this one very important reason SFTP wins the battle. Although, both of these protocols are good and for an individual, it doesn’t matter. But when it comes to an organization or a firm, SFTP is by far the best option.

Summary:-
  • FTPS stands for File Transfer Protocol(with support of Transfer Layer Protocol). It is an upgraded version of FTP.
  • There are two types of FTPS. Implicit FTPS and Explicit FTPS
  • Explicit FTPS: The port used by this FTPS is 21. This protocol works in two steps i.e; first, it builds connection like conventional FTPS and then, once the connection is made, that insecure port was made secure with the help of SSL connection.
  • Implicit FTPS: It works on port noo 990. The Implicit FTPS is more strict than explicit FTPS. Although it is more secure because the whole conversation is encrypted, still it was not widely accepted.
  • SFTP: SFTP stands for Secure File Transfer Protocol, SFTP works on the network protocol SSH(Secure Shell). SFTP needs just one connection and encrypts authentication information and the same time encrypts data files as well.

There are two methods for authentication in SFTP.

  1. You can insert the user-name and password.
  2. Generate an SSH private as well as the public key. Send the public key to your partner. Then your partner will enter the key and link it with your account. The moment they connect to the SFTP server then the entered key will go to the server for authentication. The authentication will only be successful if both of your keys match.
  • The main difference between SFTP and FTPS is that SFTP works on a single port while FTPS works on multiple ports. Therefore, SFTP is more secure than FTPS