Time is waiting. Obviously, the speed of technology upgrades is similar now. Moore’s Law has broken down. The innovation that is happening makes us both doubt “how amazing it is” and “what happens next.” Technological advances have been inspired by science fiction and action movies to turn fictional gadgets into reality. On October 26, 2017, a woman with the most advanced artificial intelligence “Sofia” received Saudi Arabian citizenship. When we saw the C-3PO as the first and most memorable humanoid robot in the movie “Star Wars” movie “franchise”, who could think of this event is possible.
What is a humanoid robot?
The humanoid robot is a robot designed to look like a human. Why are people? Well, robots are created by humans to reduce the repetitive manual work that was done by them before. So why not design like humans? Let us not forget that humans have evolved again and again after millions of years. This ergonomic design provides better grip for routine tasks, better understanding of obstacles and better interaction with humans. Most importantly, it has proven to be very helpful in the biological advancement of the human body. You can find a variety of robotic applications, from DIY to our nervous system integration. The more it surprises you, the more expensive it is. If you choose the most advanced, you can spend $100,000 on a single body.
In the first few years, it was only considered to be the automation of repeated manuals in the industrial sector. It has been implemented and works well for a long time. After the advancement of bioengineering, hopes in the consumer sector gained momentum. Today, after the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI), the program has made a huge room for improvement in the scope and progress of the field. After the integration of artificial intelligence, it is actually a human. It not only looks like a person, but it has its own thinking process and has its own strategic thinking ability. Although they may not be able to feel it, it can also recognize possible emotions.
Unmanned robots have been used in our daily lives. Recently, it made its debut as the Olympic torchbearer of South Korea. Now, as humans may become a major threat to humanity, the debate has raised whether artificial intelligence can also be a whirlpool of human threats. The two mergers are so good that the words “humanoid robot” and “artificial intelligence” are now going hand in hand.
Today, we have a wide variety of robots on the market, from ₹4000 to anything you can inject. However, the best robot will be the robot you created yourself. It covers the best of both electronics and computer engineering and offers you a product that is an unparalleled example of innovation happening on two different areas. Let’s look at how to use the basics to create one of the world’s leading advances.
Robots same as humans:
I will Describe the first how the mechanics of our bodies and robots are very similar to very common and simple DIY experiments.
DIY basic hand:
You need 4 straws, cardboard, glue, scissors and a 10 meter threaded reel
Cut the card-shaped hand, the arm extension, into four fingers. (Now let us ignore the thumb). Fold all four finger stretches onto the cardboard to form two joints and three phalanges on each finger. Now cut the straws and glue them to each square. Make sure they are smaller than their respective squares. Now cut the line into four sections and pass it through each finger. One end of the thread should be attached to the open end of the finger and the other end of all four parts should be tied together. Your basic hand is ready. Now, when you hold the cardboard hand from the wrist and pull the knot together, you can see that four fingers are bent like our hands when we grab something. You can personally understand each finger by pulling a single line instead of a knot. You have created a basic robot arm architecture.
What have we learned from this architecture?
Notice how each finger has its own thread pulled, seeing one pull one by one for each phalange movement when we need to use multiple fingers, just pull all the fingers together and note that each finger works together . Their movements may be delayed, and each finger may form a curve at a different speed because we pull fingers of different lengths with the same force from the same point.
These are some of the trivial things to consider when making each part of the limbs and torso. This has proven to be helpful for people with disabilities and has no physical limbs. The nerve used to move any finger must be passed from above. For a person whose arm only has an ankle joint, the sense line is connected to the lower portion of the upper arm, and an electronic armature is generated to move relative to the muscle movement of the lower portion of the arm. In this way, our brain can control the arm like any other arm.
These are not the types of machines that are currently in use. Today, our robot to body size ratio is 1:1. The latest arm is equipped with a synchronous motor for single-instruction synchronized motion. But for mechanical and repetitive manual work, the most widely used structure is the six-axis Powerball arm. They consist of three spherical joints and five joints; one ball joint can be considered a shoulder joint, the other ball joint will replace the ankle, and the last ball joint forms a wrist. The remainder of the structure can be thought of as the upper and lower arm structures that provide strength to the arm structure. Unlike our hands, it is created in such a way that it covers all areas of its abduction. For example, you can’t bend your hand backwards from the ankle, but this structure can be rotated in all directions; the only limitation is its length.
How Legs of Humanoids will work
The joints are the same as the hands, but not the handmade ones. We can use suspended plank buildings because it is the most convenient way to move from one place to another.
Although it is the lower body and upper body, especially the limbs are manufactured according to their manufacturing requirements and purposes, so the Hoverboard structure is rarely used for the lower limbs. They are the same as humans both internally and externally. Artificial rib cages are used in their torso sections to provide protection for internal circuits and machinery. Create legs to replicate movements like human legs.
Other equipment in the humanoid robot:
The other minimal device requirements for creating humanoid robots are HD cameras, which will help collect image processing data, RFID, which will help us remotely instruct, infrared sensors, detect obstacles, humans and the distance between them, the rotor, Used for their motion, accelerometers, magnetometers, gyroscopes and Ethernet connections to control motion, if required, CPU, battery unit, PLC must be used for regulated output and design logic.
Main open source software
Robots and humanoid robots can use manual intelligence to perform repeated manual tasks, thinking and making decisions. Here, I mentioned several main areas of using Humanoids:
Personal Home Assistant:
Integrating the Internet of Things with these robots will create a personal home assistant that uses your home automation system to manage the electricity, light, sound and temperature in your home.
Integrating virtual reality with these robots and programming them to replicate our movements will provide you with your own replicas that will play a role in fire, flood, experimentation or other dangerous situations where human life may be threatened. We can find a variety of applications for this future robot, but let’s discuss the most important one. The one that is most helpful to those in need: prosthetics.