Home RASPBERRY PI Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope, Magnetometer and Accelerometer with a Raspberry Pi

Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope, Magnetometer and Accelerometer with a Raspberry Pi

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Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope

In this guide, I will explain how to get readings from the MPU9250 and convert these raw readings into usable angles. I will also show how to read some of the information in the datasheets for these devices. The theory and principals below can be applied to any digital Accelerometer, just some minor modifications need to be made. Eg register values, sensitivity level…

Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope

The code can be found here;

https://github.com/cityofeden/cosmic/tree/master/Sensors/MPU%209250

I just Developed this code for Cosmic IoT / https://cosmiciot.io Created using the EDEN Distributed Network / https://cityofeden.io Distributed with MIT Open License.

A note about Gyros and Accelerometers

When using the MPU9250 to calculate angles, readings from both the gyro and accelerometer are needed, which are then combined. This is because using either on their own will result in inaccurate readings.

Here is why;

Gyros – A gyro measures the rate of rotation, which has to be tracked over time to calculate the current angle. This tracking causes the gyro to drift. However, gyros are good at measuring quick sharp movements.

Accelerometers – Accelerometers are used to sense both static (e.g. gravity) and dynamic (e.g. sudden starts/stops) acceleration. They don’t need to be tracked like a gyro and can measure the current angle at any given time. Accelerometers, however, are very noisy and are only useful for tracking angles over a long period of time.

Let’s Get Start

Collect Hardware

Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope

Enable your I2C Communication

Type Raspi-config in a terminal and follow the procedure as I mention below in the images.

Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope

Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope

Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope

Make the wiring

mpu9250          Raspberry Pi

SDA———————>SDA

SCL———————>SCL

VCC———————>3 V

Gnd———————>GND

Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope

Download Source files.

Go to Terminal Write following commands and download the source code

Git clone https://github.com/cityofeden/cosmic/tree/master/Sensors/MPU%209250

After the download go to MPU9250 Directory

cd mpu9250

After Reaching in the Directory Write the commands as I  mention below

sudo pip install FaBo9Axis_MPU9250

Python program

import FaBo9Axis_MPU9250

import time

import sys

 

mpu9250 = FaBo9Axis_MPU9250.MPU9250()

 

try:

    while True:

        accel = mpu9250.readAccel()

        print ” ax = ” , ( accel[‘x’] )

        print ” ay = ” , ( accel[‘y’] )

        print ” az = ” , ( accel[‘z’] )

 

        gyro = mpu9250.readGyro()

        print ” gx = ” , ( gyro[‘x’] )

        print ” gy = ” , ( gyro[‘y’] )

        print ” gz = ” , ( gyro[‘z’] )

 

        mag = mpu9250.readMagnet()

        print ” mx = ” , ( mag[‘x’] )

        print ” my = ” , ( mag[‘y’] )

        print ” mz = ” , ( mag[‘z’] )

        print

 

        time.sleep(0.1)

 

except KeyboardInterrupt:

    sys.exit()

After the installation of a library just run the python script by typing the command

sudo python program.py

So it will show the 9-Axis sensor data on the screen with the speed of 0.1sec

Guide to interfacing MPU9250 Gyroscope

 

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