Programming languages are the basis of a computer. Applications, operating systems, web pages, software’s are all programs, therefore, created by programming languages.
Languages have been a part of the computer since it’s an invention, growing at an exponential rate. FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslation) was the first computer language developed in 1956, followed by LISP (1958), COBOL (1959).
FORTRAN provided a means of porting existing code to new computers, in a hardware market that was rapidly evolving; the language eventually became known for its efficiency.
Nowadays, most of the computer industry is indulging in programming and development. Thousands of engineers are learning languages to maintain the high standards of the trade.
Although everyone needs a language to start his/her journey with, certainly it will play a major role in the future. In contrast, people who aim for a complex language from the start tend to fail.
Pursuing complex language may lead to depression or loss of interest in programming, thus, choosing the right language for initial stage is a really important task.
Here is the list of 5 Best programming languages for beginners
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES TO START WITH
1. “C” Language –
C is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language. It supports supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope, and recursion, consequently, a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
Dennis Ritchie is the creator of C language. It is an imperative procedural language, which was developed in 1965 at the Bell Labs.
C develops your mind to a coding environment. It helps us connect with the working of the computer, while bit by bit we get to know what impact it has on the computer. As you ask why and keep digging for answers, your mental model will grow to encompass the process model.
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2. “C#” Language –
C# is a multi-paradigm language, encompassing. It is a strong typing, imperative, declarative, generic, object and component oriented language. C# is one of the languages designed for the common language infrastructure.
Its development team is led by Anders Hejlsberg, under Microsoft in its .NET initiative. A general purpose object-oriented language developed in 2000.
C# is currently the most used language in the development of third-party apps for Windows.
It also is a very popular language on mobile devices, including the Windows Phone. C# is simple (as programming languages go) and a useful language.
It is a lot similar to other languages like C++ and JAVA and C.
3. “C++” Language –
It was designed with a bias toward system programming and embedded. Is resource-constrained and large systems, with performance, efficiency and flexibility of use as its design highlights.
This language is also a multi-paradigm language while being imperative, object-oriented and generic. Due to this, it provides low-level memory manipulation.
It is an extension to C language, also developed at the Bell labs by Bjarne Stroustrup. Programming languages like C#, D, Java are all influenced by C++, therefore, making it one of the most important languages existing.
Learning C++ as your first language will certainly give a head start in case one pursues any other language. It teaches a lot more about a computer, memory management, and many other concepts.
It is used in Gaming, finance, embedded system, defense, security, web development, and many more industries because of its versatility.
Nowadays, good command over C++ gives a thumbs up in a computer sector job necessities. Interesting programs which may grab attention are almost written with C++.
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4. JAVA Language –
Java is a general-purpose computer programming language. It has qualities like concurrence, object orientation, class base and deals with some implementations.
Because of its proximity to C++, it resembles its syntax a lot. The original creator of Java is Sun Microsystems, hence, also launched reference implementation Java compilers, virtual machines, and class libraries.
The latest version is Java 10, released on March 20, 2018, followed by Java 9 which was in market six months ago.
Java is a beginner friendly languages because it assumes that the coder is not smart or experienced. It has a compiler which usually detects and displays the bug.
Being a high-level language, Java is pretty simple to use. Java is very stubborn and verbose, which certainly means you need to write a lot of code trying to convince the language to build some feature.
This helps a beginner to almost brushing up his skills.
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5. Python Language –
Python is also a general purpose programming language, generally interpreted as a high-level programming language. It is created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991.
Python features a dynamic type system and automatic memory management. Python interpreters are available for many operating systems. Similarly, it also resembles most of the programming languages like C++, Java, C#, etc. CPython is the open source reference implementation of Python. Python Software Foundation manages CPython.
Python is a great language for beginners because it is similar to C++/C which proves its simplicity.
It is thoroughly used in web development, also supportive in AI and machine learning. Similarly, Python is also famous for cybersecurity.
Python coders generally have one of the highest pay. Python is a flexible language which can be used to do nearly anything in the computer world. It is all dependent on how you use it.